An Original Testing Apparatus for Rapid Pull-Out Test

Aprialdi, D., Lambert, S., Jenck, O., , Erizal, Widyarti, M.


Pull-out test is commonly used to investigate the pull-out behavior of geotextile reinforcement embedded in soil. It is also used by different authors to propose interface friction angles values. Unfortunately these works mainly deal with cyclic loadings with reference to seismic action, which are believed to be different to the load exposed to reinforced earthworks due to lateral impacts. Therefore an original rapid pull-out test apparatus is proposed in this study. This article assess the proposed test method in addressing the rapid pull-out response of a geotextile embedded in soil. The testing apparatus allows investigating shear velocities within the range of 0.1 to 1.2 m/s. This test method seems promising in addressing the response of soil-geotextile interfaces under dynamic loadings. Nevertheless, improvements concerning the testing apparatus are still required. The loading system could be modified to avoid oscillations and specific equipment should be added to increase the normal stress.


Dynamic loading; pull-out test; soil–geotextile interface.

Full Text:



  1. Abdelouhab, A., Dias, D., and Freitag, N., Physi­cal and Analytical Modeling of Geosynthetic Strip Pull-Out Behavior, Geotextiles and Geo­mem­branes, 28(1), 2010, pp. 44-53.[CrossRef]
  2. Aiban, S.A. and Ali, S.M., Interface Frictional Characteristics of Non-woven Geotextile–Sabkha Sand using Pull-out Tests, Geosynthetics International, 8(3), 2001, pp. 193-200.[CrossRef]
  3. Palmeira, E.M., Soil–Geosynthetic Interaction: Modelling and Analysis, Geotextiles and Geo­membranes, 27(5), 2009, pp. 368-390.[CrossRef]
  4. Weerasekara, L. and Wijewickreme, D., An Ana­ly­tical Method to Predict the Pull-out Response of Geotextiles, Geosynthetics International, 17(4), 2010, pp. 193-206.[CrossRef]
  5. Alobaidi, I.M., Hoare, D.J., and Ghataora, G.S., Load Transfer Mechanism in Pull-out Tests, Geosynthetics International, 4(5), 1997, pp. 509-521.[CrossRef]
  6. Bakeer, R.M., Abdel-Rahmen, A.H., and Napolitano, P.J., Geotextiles Friction Mobilization during Field Pull-out Test, Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 16(2), 1998, pp. 73-85.[CrossRef]
  7. Fannin, R. J. and Raju, D. M., On the Pull-out Resistance of Geosynthetics, Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 30(2), 1993, pp. 409-417.[CrossRef]
  8. De, A. and Zimmie, T.F., Estimation of Dynamic Interfacial Properties of Geosynthetics, Geo­synthetics International, 5(1-2), 1998, pp. 17-39.
  9. Huang, C.-C., Horng, J,-C., Chang, W,-J., Chueh, S,-Y., Chiou, J,-S, and Chen, C,-H., Dynamic Behavior of Reinforced Slopes: Horizontal Acceleration Response, Geosynthetics International, 17(4), 2010, pp. 207-219.[CrossRef]
  10. Peila, D., Oggeri, C., and Castiglia, C., Ground Reinforced Embankments for Rockfall Protection: Design and Evaluation of Full Scale Tests, Landslides, 4(3), 2007, pp. 255-265.[CrossRef]
  11. Lambert, S. and Bourrier, F., Design of Rockfall Protection Embankments: A Review, Engineering Geology, 154, 2013, pp. 77-88.[CrossRef]
  12. Burroughs, D.K., Henson, H.H., and Jiang, S.S., Full Scale Geotextile Rock Barrier Wall Testing, Analysis and Prediction, Proceedings of Geo­synthetics ‘93, Vancouver, Canada, 30 March-1 April 1993, pp. 959-970.
  13. Tan, S.A., Ooi, P.H., Park, T.S., and Cheang, W.L., Rapid Pull-out Test of Soil Nail, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 134, 2008, pp. 1327-1338.[CrossRef]
  14. AFNOR, NF EN ISO 13738, Geotextile and Geotextile Related Products: Determination of Pull-Out Resistance in Soil, 2005, pp. 16.
  15. Flavigny, E., Desrues, J., and Palayer, B., Le Sable d’Hostun RF, Note Technique, Revue Française de Géotechnique, 53, 1990, pp. 67-69.


CED is published by The Institute of Research & Community Outreach - Petra Christian University, Surabaya, Indonesia

©All right reserved 2016.Civil Engineering Dimension, ISSN: 1410-9530, e-ISSN: 1979-570X

View My Stats