Characteristics of Bamboo Leaf Ash Blended Cement Paste and Mortar

Akaninyene A Umoh, Isaac Abiodun Odesola




Abstract


The use of bamboo leaf ash as cement supplement can contribute to reduction in cost and environmental hazard associated with cement production as well as waste pollution caused by the littered bamboo leaves. Therefore, the characteristics of cement paste and mortar incorporating bamboo leaf ash were investigated. The results of the physical properties of the pastes were within the requirements stipulated by relevant standards while that of the mortar cubes indicated that the compressive strength generally increased with curing age, and that the mix containing 15% Bamboo Leaf Ash (BLA) by mass competes favorably with that of the reference mix at 28days and above. The water absorption and apparent porosity were observed to increase with increase in BLA content, while the bulk density decreases as the percentage of BLA increases from 5% to 25% by mass. The study concluded that 15% BLA replacing cement is adequate for the production of masonry mortar.


Keywords


Bamboo leaf ash; blended cement mortar; bulk density; compressive strength; porosity.

References


  1. Thirumalini, P. and Sekar, S.K., Review on Herbs used as Admixture in Lime Mortar used in Ancient Structures, Indian Journal of Applied Research, 3(8), 2013, pp. 295-298.[CrossRef]
  2. Khatib, J.M. and Hibbert, J.J., Selected Engineering Properties of Concrete Incorporating Slag and Metakaolin, Construction and Building Materials, 19, 2005, pp. 460-472.[CrossRef]
  3. Ramezanianpour, A.A., Khani, M.M., and Ahmadibeni, G., The Effect of Rice Husk Ash on Mechanical Properties and Durability of Sustainable Concrete, International Journal of Civil Engineering, 7(2), 2009, pp. 83-91.
  4. Lee, S.T., Moon, H.Y. and Swamy, R.W., Sulfate Attack and Role of Silica Fume in Resisting Strength Loss, Cement and Concrete Composites, 27, 2005, pp. 65-76.[CrossRef]
  5. Umoh, A.A. and Olusola, K.O., Performance of Periwinkle Shell Ash Blended Cement Concrete Exposed to Magnesium Sulphate, Civil Engineering Dimension, 15(2), 2013, pp. 96-101.
  6. Dwivedi, V.N., Singh, N.P., Das, S.S., and Singh, N.B., A New Pozzolanic Material for Cement Industry: Bamboo Leaf Ash, International Journal of Physical Sciences, 1(3), 2006, pp. 106-111.
  7. Frias, M., Savastano, H., Villar, E., Sanchez de Rojas, M.I., and Santos, S., Characterization and Properties of Blended Cement Matrices Containing Activated Bamboo Leaf Wastes, Cement and Concrete Composites, 34, 2012, pp. 1019-1023.[CrossRef]
  8. Asha, P., Salman, A., and Arun Kumar, R., Experimental Study on Concrete with Bamboo Leaf Ash, International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology, 3(6), 2014, pp. 2249-8958.
  9. Amu, O.O. and Adetuberu, A.A., Characterstics of Bamboo Leaf Ash Stabilization on Lateritic Soil in Highway Construction, International Journal of Engineering and Technology, 2(4), 2010, pp. 212-219.
  10. Amu, O.O and Babajide, S.S., Effects of Bamboo Leaf Ash on Lime Stabilized Lateritic Soil for Highway Construction, Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, 3(4), 2011, pp. 278-283.
  11. Iorliam, A.Y., Agbede, I.O., and Joel, M., Effect of Bamboo Leaf Ash on Cement Stabilization of Markudi Shale for use as Flexible Pavement Construction Material, American Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 3(3), 2012, pp. 166-174.[CrossRef]
  12. Iorliam, A.Y., Okwu, P., and Ukya, T.J., Geo-technical Properties of Markurdi Shale Treated with Bamboo Leaf Ash, AUJ.T., 16(3), 2013, pp. 174-180.
  13. Umoh, A.A. and Femi, O.O., Comparative Evaluation of Concrete Properties with Varying Proportions of Periwinkle Shell and Bamboo Leaf Ashes Replacing Cement, Ethiopia Journal of Environmental Studies and Management, 6(5), 2013, pp. 570-580.[CrossRef]
  14. Umoh, A.A., Alake, O., Babafemi, A.J., and Olasunkanmi, O.F., Assessing the Mechanical Performance of Ternary Blended Cement Incorporating Periwinkle Shell and Bamboo Leaf Ashes, Journal of Civil and Environmental Research, 3(1), 2013, pp. 26-35.
  15. Ademola, S.A. and Buari, T.A., Behaviour of Bamboo Leaf Ash Blended Cement Concrete in Sulphate Environment, IOSR Journal of Engineering, 4(6), 2014, pp. 1-8.[CrossRef]
  16. ASTM C311, Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Fly Ash or Natural Pozzolans for use in Portland–Cement Concrete, American Society for Testing and Materials, 2007.
  17. ASTM C618, Standard Specification for Coal Fly Ash and Raw or Calcined Natural Pozzolan for use in Concrete, American Society for Testing and Materials, 2008.
  18. NIS 444-1, Cement- part 1: Composition, Specification and Conformity Criteria for Common Cements, Nigeria Industrial Standard, 2003.
  19. BS EN 197–1, Cement Composition, Specification and Conformity Criteria for Common Cements, British Standard Institution, 2009.
  20. ASTM C144, Standard Specification for Aggregate for Masonry Mortar, American Society for Testing and Materials, 1991.
  21. ASTM C109, Standard Test Methods for Compressive Strength of Hydraulic Cement Mortars, American Society for Testing and Materials, 2001.
  22. Mukherjee, S., Mandal, S., and Adhikari, U.B., Study on the Physical and Mechanical Property of Ordinary Portland Cement and Fly Ash Paste, International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering, 2(3), 2012, pp. 731-736.[CrossRef]
  23. NIS 447, Methods of Testing Cement: Determination of Setting Time and Soundness, Nigeria Industrial Standard, 2003.
  24. ASTM C150, Specification for Portland Cement, American Society for Testing and Materials, 1994.
  25. Hossain, K.M.A., Blended Cement using Volcanic Ash and Pumice, Cement and Concrete Research, 33, 2003, pp. 1601-1605.[CrossRef]
  26. Mehta, P.K. and Monteiro, P.J.M., Concrete: Microstructure, Properties, and Materials, Third edition, McGraw-Hill publishing company Ltd., New Delhi, 2006.
  27. ASTM C270, Standard Specification for Mortar for Unit Masonry. Annual Book of Standards, American Society for Testing and Materials, 2006.
  28. Aggarwal, L.K., Studies on Cementbonded Coir Fibre Boards, Cement and Concrete Composites, 14, 1995, pp. 63-69.[CrossRef]


Full Text: PDF

Instructions for Preparing Papers for CED.docx
The Journal is published by The Institute of Research & Community Outreach - Petra Christian University.

©All right reserved 2016.Civil Engineering Dimension, ISSN: 1410-9530, e-ISSN: 1979-570X

 

View My Stats


Copyright © Research Center Web-Dev Team