Community-Based Approach in A Small Scale Irrigation Project in Indonesia: Ways and Advantages

Bambang Istijono, Taufika Ophiyandri




Abstract


The implementation of community-based approach, where community can control a government owned infrastructure project, is rarely found. However, Sumatra River Basin Organization (BWSS) V successfully implemented a small scale irrigation project using this method in West Sumatra Province, Indonesia. This paper aims to describe how this policy was implemented, highlight its milestones, and discuss the advantages of its application. A detailed literature review and semi structured interviews were conducted to achieve the objectives. It was found that the implementation of community-based approach can bring about a sense of belonging, sustainability, and a source of income for the community. Hence, the project was finished on time within budget with high quality materials. In some cases the quantity of the project was more than it was targeted. The key policy that contributed to the success was trusting community to control the project and making sure that the proposed project came from the community.


Keywords


Community-based; small scale irrigation project; advantages; policy

References


  1. Davidson, C.H., Johnson, C., Lizarralde, G., Dikmen, N., and Sliwinski, A., Truths and Myths about Community Participation in Post-disaster Housing Projects, Habitat International, 31, 2007, pp. 100–115.[CrossRef]
  2. Dercon, B. and Kusumawijaya, M., Two Years of Settlement Recovery in Aceh and Nias: What should the Planners have Learned?, 43rd ISOCARP Congress, Antwerp, Belgium, September 19-23, 2007.
  3. Jha, A. K., Barenstein, J. D., Phelps, P. M., Pittet, D., and Sena, S., Safer Homes, Stronger Communities: A Handbook for Reconstructing after Natural Disasters, Washington: The World Bank, 2010.[CrossRef]
  4. MacRae, G. and Hodgkin, D., Half Full or Half Empty? Shelter after the Jogjakarta Earthquake, Disasters, 35(1), 2011, pp. 243-267.[CrossRef]
  5. Kumar, C., Revisiting ‘Community’ in Community-based Natural Resource Management, Community Development Journal, 40(3), 2005, pp. 275-285.[CrossRef]
  6. Choguill, M.B.G., A Ladder of Community Participation for Underdeveloped Countries, Habitat International, 20(3), 1996, pp. 431-444.[CrossRef]
  7. Arnstein, S.R., A Ladder of Citizen Participation, Journal of the American Institute of Planners, 35(4), 1969, pp. 216-224.[CrossRef]
  8. Ophiyandri, T., Amaratunga, D., and Pathirage, C., Community Based Post Disaster Housing Reconstruction: Indonesian Perspective, Proceeding of CIB World Congress, Salford, United Kingdom, May 10-13, 2010.
  9. QSR International (2015) NVivo 10 for Windows, available at www.qsrinternational.com/ products_nvivo.aspx, accessed on 30 August 2015.
  10. BWSS V, Technical Guidance: Program for Acceleration and Development of Water Resources Infrastructure-Small Scale Irrigation (P4-ISDA-IK), Sumatera River Basin Organization V (BWSS V), 2014.
  11. BWSS V, Final Report: P4-ISDA-IK. Sumatera River Basin Organization V (BWSS V), 2015.


Full Text: PDF

Instructions for Preparing Papers for CED.docx
The Journal is published by The Institute of Research & Community Outreach - Petra Christian University.

©All right reserved 2016.Civil Engineering Dimension, ISSN: 1410-9530, e-ISSN: 1979-570X

 

View My Stats


Copyright © Research Center Web-Dev Team