DOI: https://doi.org/10.9744/ced.22.2.81-92

Evaluation of a Macro Lump Plasticity Model for Reinforced Concrete Beam-Column Joint under Cyclic Loading

Joko Purnomo, V. Octaviani, P. K. Chiaulina, Jimmy Chandra

Abstract


Lateral deformations of reinforced concrete (RC) frames under extreme seismic excitation are highly affected by the stiffness of their beam-column joints. Numerous models have been proposed to simulate the responses of RC beam-column joint under cyclic loading. Development of RC beam-column joint model based on macro modeling using spring elements becomes more popular because of its considerably simple application for seismic performance evaluation purposes. In this study, a simple modification to previously developed macro-spring element-based model for RC beam-column joint is done and is used to simulate the behavior of seven external and five internal RC joints under cyclic loading in SAP2000. The model consists of several spring elements to define column, beam, joint, and bond-slip responses according to its individual moment-rotation relationships. Overall, the analysis results show that the modified model can simulate well the cyclic behavior of RC beam-column joints when are compared to previously available experimental results

Keywords


RC beam-column joint; cyclic behavior; macro spring model

Full Text:

PDF

References


Walker, S.G., Seismic Performance of Existing Reinforced Concrete Beam-Column Joints, Uni-versity of Washington, 2001.

Omidi, M. and Behnamfar, F., A Numerical Model for Simulation of RC Beam-Column Connec¬tions, Engineering Structures, 88(2015), 2015, pp. 51–73.

Giberson, M.F., Two Nonlinear Beams with Definitions of Ductility, Journal of the Structural Division, ASCE, 95(ST2), 1969, pp. 137–157.

Otani, S., Inelastic Analysis of R/C Frame Structures, Journal of the Structural Division, ASCE, 100(Proc. Paper 10686), 1974.

Banon, H., Irvine, H.M., and Biggs, J.M., Seismic Damage in Reinforced Concrete Frames, Journal of the Structural Division, ASCE, 107(9), 1981, pp. 1713–1729.

Alath, S., Modeling Inelastic Shear Deformation in Reinforced Concrete Beam-Column Joints, University of Central Florida, 1995.

Biddah, A., and Ghobarah, A., Modelling of Shear Deformation and Bond Slip in Reinforced Con¬crete Joints, Journal of Engineering and Mecha¬nics, 7(4), 1999, pp. 413–432.

Elmorsi, M., Kianoush, M.R., and Tso, W.K., Modeling Bond-Slip Deformations in Reinforced Concrete Beam-Column Joints, Canadian Jour¬nal of Civil Engineering, 27(3), 2000, pp. 490–505.

Youssef, M. and Ghobarah, A., Modelling of RC Beam-Column Joints and Structural Walls, Journal of Earthquake Engineering, 5(01), 2001, pp. 93–111.

Pampanin, S., Magenes, G., and Carr, A.J., Modelling of Shear Hinge Mechanism in Poorly Detailed RC Beam-Column Joints, Fib 2003 Symposium Concrete Structures in Seismic Regions, Athens, Greece, 2003.

Lowes, L.N. and Altoontash, A., Modeling Reinforced-Concrete Beam-Column Joints Sub¬¬jected to Cyclic Loading, Journal of Structural Engineering, 129(12), 2003, pp. 1686–1697.

Shin, M. and LaFave, J.M., Modeling of Cyclic Joint Shear Deformation Contributions in RC Beam-Column Connections to Overall Frame Behavior, Journal of Structural Engineering and Mechanics, 18(5), 2004, pp. 645–669.

Tajiri, S., Shiohara, H., and Kusuhara, F., A New Macroelement of Reinforced Concrete Beam Column Joint for Elasto-Plastic Plane Frame Analysis, Proc. 8th. National Conf. Earthquake Engineering, 2006.

Mitra, N. and Lowes, L.N., Evaluation and Advancement of a Reinforced Concrete Beam-Column Joint Model, 13th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, 2004, pp. 1001.

Magliulo, G. and Ramasco, R., Seismic Response of Three-dimensional r/c Multi-storey Frame Building under Uni and Bi-directional Input Ground Motion, Earthquake Engineering & Struc¬¬tural Dynamics, 36(12), 2007, pp. 1641–1657.

Anderson, M., Lehman, D., and Stanton, J., A Cyclic Shear Stress–Strain Model for Joints without Transverse Reinforcement, Engineering Structures, 30(4), 2008, pp. 941–954.

Wang, G.-L., Dai, J.-G., and Teng, J.G., Shear Strength Model for RC Beam–Column Joints under Seismic Loading, Engineering Structures, 40(2012), 2012, pp. 350–360.

Birely, A.C., Lowes, L.N., and Lehman, D.E., A Model for the Practical Nonlinear Analysis of Reinforced-Concrete Frames Including Joint Flexi¬-bility, Engineering Structures, 34(2012), 2012, pp. 455–465.

Yu, J. and Tan, K.-H., Experimental and Nume¬rical Investigation on Progressive Collapse Resis¬tance of Reinforced Concrete Beam Column Sub-Assemblages, Engineering Structures, 55(2013), 2013, pp. 90–106.

Eom, T.-S., Hwang, H.-J., and Park, H.-G., Energy-based Hysteresis Model for Reinforced Concrete Beam-Column Connections, ACI Structural Journal, 112(2), 2015, pp. 157.

Ngo, D. and Scordelis, A.C., Finite Element Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Beams, ACI Journal, 64(3), 1967, pp. 152–163.

Nilson, A.H., Internal Measurement of Bond Slip, ACI Journal, 69(7), 1972, pp. 439–441.

Keuser, M. and Mehlhorn, G., Finite Element Models for Bond Problems, Journal of Structural Engineering, 113(10), 1987, pp. 2160–2173.

Filippou, F.C., A Simple Model for Reinforcing Bar Anchorages under Cyclic Excitations, Jour¬nal of Structural Engineering, 112(7), 1986, pp. 1639–1659.

Monti, G., Filippou, F.C., and Spacone, E., Finite Element for Anchored Bars under Cyclic Load Reversals, Journal of Structural Engineering, 123(5), 1997, pp. 614–623.

Ciampi, V., Eligehausen, R., Bertero, V.V., and Popov, E.P., Analytical Model for Concrete Ancho-rages of Reinforcing Bars under Generalized Excitations, College of Engineering, University of California Berkeley, CA, USA, 1982.

Eligehausen, R., Popov, E.P., and Bertero, V.V., Local Bond Stress-Slip Relationships of Deform¬ed Bars under Generalized Excitations, Procee¬dings of the 7th European Conference on Earth¬quake Engineering, Athens, Greece, 1982.

Mander, J.B., Priestley, M.J., and Park, R., Theoretical Stress-Strain Model for Confined Concrete, Journal of Structural Engineering, 114(8), 1988, pp. 1804–1826.

Park, R., Ductility Evaluation from Laboratory and Analytical Testing, Proceedings of the 9th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Tokyo-Kyoto, Japan, 1988, pp. 605–616.

Clyde, C., Pantelides, C.P., and Reaveley, L.D., Performance-Based Evaluation of Exterior Rein-forced Concrete Building Joints for Seismic Excitation, Pacific Earthquake Engineering Re¬se¬¬arch Center, College of Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, 2000.

Hwang, H.-J., Park, H.-G., Choi, W.-S., Chung, L., and Kim, J.-K., Seismic Performance of Beam-Column Connections for Special Moment Frame Using 600 MPa Flexural Reinforcement, Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, 23(5), 2011, pp. 591–601.

Pantelides, C.P., Clyde, C., and Reaveley, L.D., Performance-Based Evaluation of Reinforced Concrete Building Exterior Joints for Seismic Excitation, Earthquake Spectra, 18(3), 2002, pp. 449–480.

Wong, H.F. and Kuang, J.S., Effects of Beam—Column Depth Ratio on Joint Seismic Behaviour, Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers-Structures and Buildings, 161(2), 2008, pp. 91–101.

Fu, J., Chen, T., Wang, Z., and Bai, S., Effect of Axial Load Ratio on Seismic Behavior of Interior Beam–Column Joints, Proc. 12th World Conf. Earthquake Eng, 2000.

Octaviani, V., and Chiaulina, P.K., Evaluasi Per-modelan Non-Ductile Beam-Column Joint, Under¬¬¬graduate Thesis, Petra Christian Univer¬sity, Surabaya, Indonesia, 2018.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.9744/ced.22.2.81-92



CED is published by The Institute of Research & Community Outreach - Petra Christian University, Surabaya, Indonesia

©All right reserved 2016.Civil Engineering Dimension, ISSN: 1410-9530, e-ISSN: 1979-570X

View My Stats