Sidoarjo Mud: A Potential Cement Replacement Material

Authors

  • Nuruddin M.F. Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Perak
  • Bayuaji R. Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Perak
  • Masilamani M.B. Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Perak
  • Biyanto T.R. Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Perak

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.9744/ced.12.1.18-22

Keywords:

Sidoarjo mud, mortar, cement replacement material

Abstract

This paper presents an experimental and analytical research conducted to study the properties of mortar when treated Sidoarjo mud was added into the mix replacing partially the cement content. The replacements were done at 0, 5, 10, 15, and 20%. Compression, tensile, porosity and Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity (UPV) tests were conducted to evaluate the effect of Sidoarjo mud in mortar. Analyses on the mud were also conducted through X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray Fluorescence (XRF), and scanning electron microscope with an energy dispersive X-ray analysis system (SEM-EDX). The results showed that the mud could be used as a cementitious material with optimum ordinary Portland cement (OPC) replacement at 10%.

References

Mazzini, H.S., Akhmanov, G.G., Aloisi, G., Planke, S., and Malthe-Sørenssen, I.A., Triggering and Dynamic Evolution of the LUSI Mud Volcano, Indonesia, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 261, 2007, pp. 375–388.[CrossRef]

Geoffrey, S.P., Thomas, J.C., Handoko, T.W., Robert, J.R., Craig, A.J., George, N.B., Heather, A. L., Ruth, E. W., Philip, L. H., Harland, G., Michael, W.A., Cyrus, J.B., David, L.F., Gregory, P.M., and Suzette, A.M., Preliminary Analytical Results for a Mud Sample Collected from the LUSI Mud Volcano, Sidoarjo, East Java, Indonesia, U.S. Geological Survey, 2008.

Triwulan, T., Januarty, J.E., and Tami, A., Analisa Sifat Mekanik Beton Geopolimer Berbahan Dasar Fly Ash dan Lumpur Porong Kering Sebagai Pengisi, Jurnal TORSI, Nopember 2007, Tahun ke 27, no 3, 2007, pp. 33-45.

Neville, A.M., Properties of Concrete, 4th edn., Longman, London, 2006.

Agarwal, S., Pozzolanic Activity of Various Siliceous Materials, Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 36, 2006, pp. 1735– 1739.

Na Zhanga, H.S., Xiaoming, L., Jixiu, Z., Early-age Characteristics of Red Mud–Coal Gangue Cementitious Material, Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 167, 2009, pp. 927-932.[CrossRef]

Papadakis, V.G., Tsimas, S., Greek Supplementary Cementing Materials and Their Incorporation in Concrete, Cement & Concrete Composites, Vol. 27, 2005, pp. 223–230.[CrossRef]

Ayangade, J.A., Alake, O., and Wahab, A. B., The Effects of Different Curing Methods on the Compressive Strength of Terracrete, Civil Engineering Dimension, Vol. 11, No. 1, 2009, pp. 41-45.

Mehta, P.K., Siliceous Ashes and Hydraulic Cements Prepared there-from. (July 1973) U.S. Patent 4105459, August 1978.

Downloads

Published

2010-03-05

How to Cite

M.F., N., R., B., M.B., M., & T.R., B. (2010). Sidoarjo Mud: A Potential Cement Replacement Material. Civil Engineering Dimension, 12(1), 18-22. https://doi.org/10.9744/ced.12.1.18-22

Issue

Section

Articles