Estimation of Congestion Cost of Private Passenger Car Users in Malioboro, Yogyakarta
Keywords:CBD Malioboro, congestion cost, generalized cost, vehicle operating cost
AbstractCongestion is the condition when the hourly traffic demand exceeds the maximum sustainable hourly throughout of the link. The aim of this research is to estimate the congestion cost of private passenger car users in central business district along the corridor of Malioboro, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The amount of the congestion cost is the difference between perceived and actual generalized cost in traffic jam condition. In this paper, only the congestion costs of private passenger car users are estimated, as they are expected to shift to buses. The generalized costs from origin zone i to destination zone j consist of vehicle operating cost, travel time cost, and pollution cost. This study shows that while the perceived generalized cost for private cars at Central Business District (CBD) Malioboro is IDR 3101.00 per trip, the actual generalized cost in traffic jam condition is IDR 5802.00 per trip, giving the estimation of congestion cost in CBD Malioboro for private passenger car users as IDR 2701.00 per trip.
Sutandi, C.A., Performance Evaluation of Advanced Traffic Control Systems at Signalised Intersections far from Adjacent Intersections, Civil Engineering Dimension, Vol. 9 No. 2, September 2007, pp. 77-84.
Sugiyanto, G., Study on Application of Congestion Charging to Increase The Use of Public Transportation (Case Study in The Malioboro Corridor, Yogyakarta City), Thesis, Master Program Civil Engineering, Bandung Institute of Technology, Bandung, 2007. (unpublished).
Sugiyanto, G., Sjafruddin, A., and Siswosoebrotho, B.I., Mode Choice Model between Private Cars and City Bus as a Result of Congestion Charging Scheme (Case Study in Malioboro, Yogyakarta City), Proceeding Civil Engineering 2007, Maranatha Christian University, Bandung, 2007, pp. 266-279.
Center for Transportation and Logistics Studies of Gadjah Mada University, Final Report, Studi Pola Jaringan Transportasi Jalan Kota Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, 2003.
Communication Affairs, Data Armada Angkutan Umum Provinsi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta Tahun 2006, Bidang Angkutan Dinas Perhubungan Provinsi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, 2006.
Santos, G., Road Pricing on The Basis of Congestion Costs: Consistent Results from Two Historic UK Towns, Department of Applied Economics, Cambridge, Inggris, 1999, pp.1-16.
Quinet, E., The Social Costs of Transport: Evaluation and Links with Internalisation Policies, In Internalising the Social Costs of Transport, OECD-European Conference of Ministers of Transport (ECMT), Paris, 1994, pp. 31-75.
Bouladon, G., La Mobilite en Zone Urbaine: Apprendre I’Economie de Transport, Document Diffusion Restreinte, Direction de I’Environnement, OECD-European Conference of Ministers of Transport (ECMT), Paris, 1991, cited in (7).
Newbery, D. M., Fair Payment from Road-Users: A Review of the Evidence on Social and Environment Costs, Report published by the Automobile Association, Basingstoke, 1998.
Harford, J.D., Congestion, Pollution and Benefit to Cost Ratios of US Public Transit System, Transportation Research, Part D: Environment, 11 (1), 2006, pp. 45-58.
Ortuzar, J.D. and Willumsen, L.G., Modelling Transport, John Wiley and Sons Ltd., England, 2001.
Stubs, P.C., Tyson W.J., and Dalvi, M.Q., Transport Economics, George Allen and Unwin (Publisher) Ltd., London, 1980.
Lembaga Afiliasi Penelitian dan Industri (LAPI) ITB, Laporan Akhir Studi Perhitungan Biaya Operasi Kendaraan PT. Jasa Marga, Bandung Institute of Technology, Bandung, 1996.
Sugiyanto, G., Study on Congestion Pricing for Private Cars in Central Business District (CBD) Case Study in Malioboro, Yogyakarta, Laporan Akhir Hibah Publikasi Internasional Batch-1, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Purwokerto, 2009.
La One, Perhitungan Pajak Kendaraan Bermotor Berdasarkan Biaya Penyelenggaraan Transportasi (Studi Kasus di Kota Yogyakarta), Thesis, Master Program in Transport and Engineering, Gadjah Mada University, Yogya¬karta, 2002. (unpublished).
Malkhamah, S., Munawar, A., Sutomo, H., Sugiyanto, G., Pengembangan Model Biaya Kemacetan dan Biaya Kecelakaan untuk Meningkatkan Efisiensi Transportasi di Daerah Perkotaan, Laporan Akhir Penelitian Hibah Guru Besar (HGB) Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, 2008. (unpublished).
Sugiyanto, G., Mulyono, B., and Santi, M.Y., Kajian Pemodelan Biaya Transportasi, Biaya Kemacetan (Congestion Pricing) dan Biaya Polusi untuk Mengurangi Kemacetan Lalu Lintas dan Pencemaran Udara di Daerah Pusat Kegiatan (Central Business District), Laporan Akhir Penelitian Program Insentif Riset Dasar Kementerian Negara Riset dan Teknologi (KNRT), Lembaga Penelitian, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Purwokerto, 2009. (unpublished).
Blythe, T., Congestion Charging: Challenges to Meet the UK Policy Objectives”, Review of Network Economics, 3 (4), 2004, pp. 356-370.[CrossRef]
Official Transport for London and Congestion Charge, Congestion Charging, from http://www. tfl.org.uk, 2006, on 19th December 2006.
How to Cite
LicenseAuthors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and publishing right, and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) followingthe publication of the article, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).