Learning from Local Wisdom: Friction Damper in Traditional Building


  • Lumantarna, B. Department of Civil Engineering, Petra Christian University, Surabaya
  • Pudjisuryadi, P. Department of Civil Engineering, Petra Christian University, Surabaya




Base isolation, Coulomb friction, traditional building, earthquake resistance.


Indonesia is situated in the so called “Ring of Fire” where earthquake are very frequent. Despite of all the engineering effort, due to the March 28, 2005 strong earthquake (8.7 on Richter scale) a lot of modern buildings in Nias collapsed, while the traditional Northern Nias house (omohada) survived without any damage. Undoubtedly many other traditional buildings in other area in Indonesia have survived similar earthquake. Something in common of the traditional building are the columns which usually are not fixed on the ground, but rest on top of flat stones. In this paper some traditional building are subjected to non linear time history analysis to artificial earthquake equivalent to 500 years return period earthquake. This study shows that apparently the columns which rest on top of flat stone acts as friction damper or base isolation. The presence of sliding at the friction type support significantly reduces the internal forces in the structure.


http://positiveinfo.wordpress.com/2008/01/08/rumah-tradisional-toraja/, downloaded on 7 juli 2012.

Balai PTPT Denpasar, Laporan Akhir Kegiatan Penelitian dan Pengkajian Keandalan Sistem Struktur dan Konstruksi Bangunan Tradisional Uma Lengge (Mbojo), Sao Ria (Ende), dan Ume Kbubu (Atoni), Denpasar, Indonesia, 2011.

Lase, Y., Kontrol Seismik pada Rumah Adat Nias, Proc. HAKI conference 2005, Jakarta, Indonesia, 2005, pp. 1-10.

http://kotapunyakita.wordpress.com/2011/02/03/rumah-tradisional-indonesia-dan-swedia, downloaded on 7 juli 2012.

Badan Standarisasi Nasional. Tata Cara Perencanaan Ketahanan Gempa untuk Bangunan Gedung, SNI 03-1726-2002, Indonesia, 2002.

Suara Merdeka. 10 April 2005. Rumah-Rumah Adat Nias: Tak Satupun Ambruk Diguncang Gempa, Semarang, Indonesia, 2005.

Pudjisuryadi, P., Lumantarna, B., and Lase, Y., Base Isolation In Traditional Building, Lesson Learned from Nias March 28, 2005 Earthquake. International Conference EACEF 2007, Jakarta, Indonesia, 2007.

Tiyanto, D.R., Shia, E.E.A., Perilaku Seismik Rumah Tradisional dengan Sistem Base Isolation, Undergraduate theses, Civil Engineering Department, Petra Christian University, Surabaya, 2012.

Lumantarna, B., Lukito, M., RESMAT Sebuah Program Interaktif untuk Menghasilkan Riwayat Waktu Gempa dengan Spektrum Tertentu, Proc. HAKI Conference 1997, 13-14 Agustus, Jakarta, Indonesia, 1997, pp. 128-135.

Departemen Pekerjaan Umum. Peraturan Konstruksi Kayu Indonesia. NI-5 PKKI 1961, Indone-sia, 1961.


How to Cite

B., L., & P., P. (2012). Learning from Local Wisdom: Friction Damper in Traditional Building. Civil Engineering Dimension, 14(3), 190-195. https://doi.org/10.9744/ced.14.3.190-195