Analyses of Steel Bridge Circular Columns using Fiber Model considering Local Buckling
Keywords:Fiber model, local buckling, steel bridge circular columns
AbstractOne of the most concerned problems for analytical estimation of ultimate strength and ductility of steel bridge columns is the consideration of local buckling. Stress-strain curves with softening behavior to include local buckling in fiber model analysis method were proposed by several researchers. However, accuracy of those models is still relatively low. As a consequence, most steel bridge designs have been done using fiber model analysis method without consideration of local buckling. In order to improve the analytical response estimation of steel bridge columns, a fiber model analysis method considering local buckling is proposed in this study. In this method, multi-fiber elements were used to model the local buckling length to simulate local buckling deformation. The proposed method shows good results not only for estimating peak strength but also post-peak strength compared to previous experimental results. However, further research should be directed to improve the accuracy of the deformation modes.
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