Design Aspect of including Infill Wall in RC Frame Design*


  • Sukrawa, M. Civil Engineering Department, University of Udayana, Bali



Infilled-frame, strut model, shell element, soft storey, RC frame design


This study compares analysis and design of a four story reinforced concrete (RC) frame structure with infill wall at upper levels and open at basement level. For the analysis, the RC frame are modeled as open frame (MOF) and infilled-frames using six compression only cross diagonal strut (MIF-Strut), and infilled frame using shell elements (MIF-Shell). Another model, MIF-Full, is created by adding walls at basement level of the MIF-Strut to study the effect of wall discontinuity. All three dimensional models are loaded with gravity load and quake load appropriate for South Bali region. Results show that the infilled-frame models are 4.8 times stiffer than MOF in the wall direction. Perpendicular to the wall, however, the stiffness increase is 29%. Soft storey mechanism exists in the absence of wall at basement level, regardless of reasonable column dimensions.


Federal Emergency Management Agency, FEMA 306. 1998. Evaluation of Earthquake Damaged Concrete and Masonry Wall Buildings. Basic Procedures Manual. Prepared by: Applied Technology Council (ATC-43 Project) 555 Twin Dolphin Drive, Suite 550 Redwood City, California 94065. Prepared for: The Partnership for Response and Recovery Washington, D.C. Funded by: Federal Emergency Management Agency

Federal Emergency Management Agency, FEMA 273. 1997. NEHRP Guidelines for the Seismic Rehabilitation of Buildings (FEMA Publication 273). Prepared for the: Building Seismic Safety Council Washington D.C. Prepared by the: Applied Technology Council (ATC-33 Project) Redwood City, California. Funded by: Federal Emergency Management Agency Washington D.C.

SKBI, Petunjuk Perencanaan Beton Bertulang dan Struktur Dinding untuk Rumah dan Gedung.

Demir, F. and Sivri, M., Earthquake Response of Masonry Infilled-frames, ECAS 2002 International Symposium on Structural and Earthquake Engineering, October 14, 2002, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey, pp. 151-158

Korkmaz, K.A., Demir, F., and Mustafa S.VR., Earthquake Assessment of R/C Structures with Masonry Infilled Walls, International Journal of Science & Technology, 2(2), 2007, pp.155-164.

Vaseva, E., Seismic Analysis of Infilled R/C Frames with Implementation of a Masonry Panel Models, 11th National Congress on Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2-5 Sept. 2009. Borrovets, Bulgaria, 2009.

Doudoumis, I.N., Finite Element Modelling And Investigation of the Behaviour of Elastic Infilled Frames under Monotonic Loading, Engineering Structures, 29, 2007, pp. 1004-1024.[CrossRef]

Asteris, P.G., Finite Element Micro-Modeling of Infilled-frames, Electronic Journal of Structural Engineering, 8, 2008, pp. 1-11.

Dorji,J., Seismic Performance of Brick Infilled RC Frame Structures in Low and Medium Rise Buildings in Bhutan. Thesis for Master Degree at Queensland University of Technology, 2009.

Imran, I. and Aryanto, A., Behavior of Reinforced Con-crete Frames In-Filled with Lightweight Materials under Seismic Loads, Civil Engineering Dimension, 11(2), September 2009, pp. 69-77.

Akpinar, U. and Binici, B., The Effect of Infilled Wall Collapse on the Deformation Estimations of Reinforced Concrete Frames, Journal of Civil Engineering and Science, 2(3), September 2013, pp. 171-177.

Bell, D.K. and Davidson, B.J., Evaluation of Earthquake Risk Buildings with Masonry Infilled Panel, NZSEE 2001 Conference, Paper No. 4.02.01.

Agarwal, P. and Shrikhande, M., Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures. PHI Learning Pvt Ltd., 2006, Eastern Economy Edition.

Grundy, P., The Padang Earthquake 2009 – Lessons and Recovery, Australian Earthquake Engineering Society 2010 Conference, Perth, Western Australia.

Chrysostomou, C.Z, Gergely, P., and Abel, J.F., A Six-Strut Model for Nonlinear Dynamic Analysis of Steel Infilled Frames, International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics, 2(3), September 2002, pp. 335-353.[CrossRef]

Computer and Structures Inc., CSI, Analysis Reference Manual for SAP2000®, ETABS®, SAFE® and CSIBridge™.

Mondal, G. and Jain, S.K., Lateral Stiffness of Masonry Infilled Reinforced Concrete (RC) Frames with Central Opening, Earthquake Spectra, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute, 24(3), August 2008, pp. 701-723.

Badan Standardisasi Nasional. 2012. Tata Cara Perencanaan Ketahanan Gempa untuk Bangunan Gedung dan Non Gedung. SNI 1726:2012.




How to Cite

M., S. (2014). Design Aspect of including Infill Wall in RC Frame Design*. Civil Engineering Dimension, 16(1), 24-32.