Structural Systems Comparison of Simply Supported PSC Box Girder Bridge Equipped with Elastomeric Rubber Bearing and Lead Rubber Bearing

Authors

  • Alvin Kurniawan Santoso Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta
  • Djoko Sulistyo Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta
  • Ali Awaludin Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta
  • Angga Fajar Setiawan Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta
  • Iman Satyarno Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta
  • Sidiq Purnomo Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta
  • Ignatius Harry Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.9744/ced.24.1.19-30

Keywords:

Box girder bridge, Pier, LRB, ERB, Seismic Performance, NLTHA

Abstract

This study compares the influence of elastomeric rubber bearing (ERB) as the regular bearing support and lead rubber bearing (LRB) as the seismic isolation device on the seismic performance of a seven-span simply supported prestressed concrete (PSC) box girder bridge, which was analyzed using nonlinear time history analysis (NLTHA) with the OpenSees software. The results showed that the maximum pier responses and damage were smaller in models with LRB than with ERB. The bridge model using ERB occurred the slightest damage at levels II, while the one using LRB was at levels I. In addition, the highest seismic performance level in the model with ERB was at the operational limit. Meanwhile, the seismic performance in the model with LRB was at the fully operational limit. Thus, LRB was a good preference for improving the seismic performance and mitigating the damage due to the seismic excitation with a slender pier.

References

NCHRP (2013) Performance-Based Seismic Bridge Design. National Cooperative Highway Research Program, Washington, DC.

Naeim, F. and Kelly, J.M. (1999) Design of Seismic Isolated Structures: From Theory to Practice. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester.

Hameed, A., Koo, M.S., Do, T.D., and Jeong, J.H. (2008) Effects of Lead Rubber Bearing Characteristic on The Response on Seismic-Isolated Bridge. Journal of Civil Engineering, 12, 187-196. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12205-008-0187-9

AASHTO (2014) Guide for Seismic Isolation Design. American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, DC.

Sheridan, M.F. (2010) The Vanderbilt: Rubber Handbook. 14th Edition, R. T. Vanderbilt Company, Inc., Norwalk.

EN (2009) Anti-seismic Devices. European Committee for Standardization, Brussels.

AASHTO (2012) AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specification, Customary U.S. Units. American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, DC.

Chen, X. and Li, C. (2020) Seismic Performance of Tall Pier Bridges Retrofitted with Lead Rubber Bearings and Rocking Foundation. Engineering Structures, 212, 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2020.110529

Edalathi, A.A. and Tahghighi, H. (2019) Investigating the Performance of Isolation Sys-tems in Improving the Seismic Behavior of Urban Bridges, A Case Study on The Hesarak Bridge. Archives of Civil Engineering, 65, 155-175. https://doi.org/10.2478/ace-2019-0052

Sugihardjo, H., Tavio, Manalu, I., and Lesmana, Y. (2018) Seismic Study of Lead-Rubber Bearing Application in Kutai Kartanegara Steel Arch Bridge. Advance Science Engineering Information Technology, 8, 540-546. https://doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.8.2.4348

Kim, W., Ahn, D. and Lee, J. (2014) A Study on the Seismic Isolation Systems of Bridges with Lead Rubber Bearings. Open Journal of Civil Engineering, 4, 361-372. https://doi.org/10.4236/ojce.2014.44031

Nielson, B.G. and DesRoches, R. (2007) Seismic Performance Assessment of Simply Supported and Continous Multispan Concrete Girder Highway Bridges. Journal of Bridge Engineering, 12, 611-620. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)1084-0702(2007)12:5(611)

BSN (2016) Perencanaan Jembatan Terhadap Beban Gempa. Badan Standardisasi Na-sional, Jakarta.

Paulay, T. and Priestley, M.J.N. (1992) Seismic Design of Reinforced Concrete and Ma-sonry Buildings. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester.

AASHTO (2011) Guide Specifications for LRFD Seismic Bridge Design. American Associ-ation of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, DC.

Berry, M.P. and Eberhard, M.O. (2008) Performance Modeling Strategies for Modern Reinforced Concrete Bridge Columns. Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center, Berkeley.

Scott, M.H. and Fenves, G.L. (2006) Plastic Hinge Integration Methods for Force-Based Beam-Column Elements. Journal of Structural Engineering, 132, 244-252. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(2006)132:2(244)

Kappos, A.J., Saiidi, M.S., Aydinoglu, M.N., and Isacovic, T. (2012) Seismic Design and Assessment of Bridges. Springer, New York. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-3943-7

Mander, J.B., Priestley, M.J.N. and Park, R. (1988) Theoretical Stress-Strain Model for Confined Concrete. Journal of Structural Engineering, 114, 1804-1826. Https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(1988)114:8(1804)

Vechio, F.J., and Collins, M.P. (1986) The Modified Compression-Field Theory for Rein-forced Concrete Elements Subject to Shear. Journal Proceedings, 83, 219-231. https://doi.org/10.14359/10416

Filippou, F.C., Popov, E.P. and Bertero, V.V. (1983) Effect of Bond Deterioration on Hysteretic Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Joints. Report EERC 83-19, Earthquake Engineering Research Center, University of California, Berkeley.

Limbert, J., Afshan, S., Kashani, M.M. and Robinson, A.F. (2021) Compressive Stress-strain Behavior of Stainless Steel Reinforcing Bars with The Effect of Inelastic Buckling. Engineering Structures, 237, 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2021.112098

Omrani, R., et al. (2015) Guidelines for Nonlinear Seismic Analysis of Ordinary Bridges: Version 2.0. Caltran Final Report No. CA15-2266, California Departement of Transportation, University of California, Berkeley.

ASCE (2017) Seismic Evaluation and Retrofit of Existing Buildings. American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston.

Bowles, J.E. (1974) Foundation Analysis and Design. 5th Edition, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., New York.

Hardiyatmo, H.C. (2018) Analisis dan Perancangan Fondasi II. 4th Edition. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.

ASCE (2010) Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures. American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston.

BMKG (2022) Katalog Gempa Bumi. http://repogempa.bmkg.go.id/repo_new/

Sunardi, B. and Nugraha, J. (2016) Peak Ground Acceleration at Surface and Spectral Acceleration for Makassar City Based on A Probabilistic Approach. Jurnal Meteorologi dan Geofisika, 17, 33-46. http://dx.doi.org/10.31172/jmg.v17i1.380

Kalkan, E. and Chopra, A.K. (2010) Practical Guidelines to Select and Scale Earthquake Records for Nonlinear Response History Analysis of Structures. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2010-1068, Menlo Park. https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20101.

Downloads

Published

2022-05-13

How to Cite

Santoso, A. K. ., Sulistyo, D., Awaludin, A., Setiawan, A. F. ., Satyarno, I., Purnomo, S., & Harry, I. (2022). Structural Systems Comparison of Simply Supported PSC Box Girder Bridge Equipped with Elastomeric Rubber Bearing and Lead Rubber Bearing. Civil Engineering Dimension, 24(1), 19-30. https://doi.org/10.9744/ced.24.1.19-30

Issue

Section

Articles