Prediction of Soil Expansivity with Direct and Indirect Method in Banten Region, Indonesia


  • Arlyn Aristo Cikmit Universitas Pertamina
  • Rangga Adiprima Sudisman Universitas Pertamina
  • Aprika Damayanti Universitas Pertamina
  • Burhani Rizki PT. Jaya Obayashi



expansive soil, expansion index, swelling potential


Expansive soils are widespread in Indonesia, particularly in Banten Province, causing extensive road damages. The study aimed to predict the soil expansivity of soil subgrade along the damaged road segments in Malingping, Cikeusik-Cibaliung, and Labuan districts. Indirect and direct expansivity predictions were employed to determine soil swelling potential. Indirect expansivity prediction was conducted based on various criteria using the Atterberg limit and grain size distribution. Direct expansivity prediction was conducted using an oedometer apparatus to measure the expansion index according to ASTM D-4829. A dynamic cone penetration test was also conducted to measure CBR values. Various indirect methods showed inconclusive results of swelling potentials, low to very high. The direct method provided more conclusive results, Expansivity Index = 100-167 and swelling values = 9%-18%, thus, categorized as expansive clay (high to very high swelling potential). CBR values were 1.49%-5% which is lower than minimum provisioned CBR (6%).

Author Biographies

Arlyn Aristo Cikmit, Universitas Pertamina

Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Infrastructure Planning; SCOPUS ID: 57203901155, SINTA ID: 6749907, GS ID: PnDrTjkAAAAJ&hl

Rangga Adiprima Sudisman, Universitas Pertamina

Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Infrastructure Planning; SCOPUS ID: 57193339564, SINTA ID: 6691406, GS ID: U1iMnlcAAAAJ&hl

Aprika Damayanti, Universitas Pertamina

Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Infrastructure Planning

Burhani Rizki, PT. Jaya Obayashi

Construction Department


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How to Cite

Cikmit, A. A., Sudisman, R. A., Damayanti, A., & Rizki, B. (2024). Prediction of Soil Expansivity with Direct and Indirect Method in Banten Region, Indonesia. Civil Engineering Dimension, 26(1), 1-10.