DOI: https://doi.org/10.9744/ced.21.1.29-35

Eco Drainage System for Surface Runoff Reduction in Indonesia

Cilcia Kusumastuti, Herry Pintardi Chandra, Kristanto Wibisono, Antonius Christopher Hartono

Abstract


Sustainable urban drainage systems (SUDS) or eco-drainage system has been implemented in developed countries. The aims of the construction of the system are: to minimize surface runoff by capturing and temporarily retain it, to improve the quality of surface runoff, to infiltrate stormwater, to increase evapotranspiration, and to enhance landscape aesthetic value. Learning from the success of the implementation of SUDS in developed countries, the paper presents a model of eco-drainage system for residential area in Indonesia, which consists of rainwater harvesting system (RWHS) and retention ponds. A simulation of stormwater and surface runoff utilization is also presented. At 14,602.26 m2 bare land in Mojokerto Regency, East Java, which is transformed into residential area, the model of eco-drainage system could reduce surface runoff volume almost by 70%. It is recommended to adjust the dimension of rainwater storage tank and retention ponds in order to reduce more surface runoff volume.


Keywords


Eco-drainage system; rainwater harvesting; residential area; surface runoff; stormwater

Full Text:

PDF

References


  1. Leopold, L.B., Hydrology for Urban Land Planning-A Guidebook on the Hydrologic Effects of Urban land Use, Geological Survey Circular 554, U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, DC, USA, 1968.

  2. Environment Agency, Sustainable Drainage Systems (SUDS)- A Guide for Developers, Environment Agency, UK, 2003.

  3. Zhou, Q., A Review of Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems Considering the Climate Change and Urbanization Impacts, Water (6) pp. 976 – 992, 2014.

  4. Roy, A.H., Wenger, S.J., Fletcher, T.D., Walsh, C.J., Ladson, A.R., Shuster, W.D., et.al., Impediments and Solutions to Sustainable, Watershed-scale Urban Stormwater Management: Lesson from Australian and the United States, Environmental Management (42) pp. 344 – 359, 2008.

  5. Miguez, M.G., Verόl, A.P., and Carneiro, P.R.F., Sustainable Drainage Systems: An Integrated Approach, Combining Hydraulic Engineering Design, Urban Land Control and River Revitalisation Aspects, Drainage Systems, Javaid, M.S., Ed., InTech: Rijeka, Croatia, 2012.

  6. Charlesworth, S.M., A Review of the Adaptation and Mitigation of Global Climate Change Using Sustainable Drainage in Cities, Journal of Water and Climate Change (1) pp. 165 – 180, 2010.

  7. Kusumastuti, C., Djajadi, R., Winarko, E.A., & Richard, E.A., Dampak Perubahan Tata Guna Lahan terhadap Besarnya Debit banjir di Kabupaten Probolinggo. Paper presented to 35th Scientific Annual Meeting (Pertemuan Ilmiah Tahunan) of Indonesian Hydraulics Engineers, Medan, Indonesia, 2018.

  8. Ministry of Public Works of Indonesia, Ministerial Regulation No. 12/PRT/M/2014, Ministry of Public Works of Indonesia, Jakarta, 2014.

  9. Ardiyana, M., Bisri, M., & Sumiadi, Studi Penerapan Ecodrain pada Sistem Drainase Perkotaan, Jurnal Teknik Pengairan, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 295 – 300, 2016.

  10. Aflakhi A., Cahyani, V.B., Kurniani, D., & Budieny, H., Perencanaan Eko-drainase Kawasan Perumahan Tembalang Pesona Asri-Semarang, Jurnal Karya Teknik Sipil, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 436 – 442, 2014.

  11. Statistics of Mojokerto City, Mojokerto Municipality in Figures, Statistics of Mojokerto City, Mojokerto, 2017.

  12. Climate-data.org, Tabel Iklim Mojokerto, retrieved from: http://id.climate-data.org/location/977152/ , 2016.

  13. World Health Organization, Technical Notes on Drinking-Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Emergencies, Water, Sanitation, Hygiene and Health Unit, Geneva, 2013.

  14. Chow, V.T., Maidment, D.R., & Mays, L.W., Applied Hydrology, Mc.Graw-Hill, United State of America, 1988.

  15. Triatmodjo, B., Hidrologi Terapan, Beta Offset, Yogyakarta, 2009.

  16. Indonesian Government, Law of Republic of Indonesia No. 26, Government of Indonesia, Jakarta, 2007.

  17. Wibisono, K., & Hartono, A.C., (2016), Undergraduate Thesis (Skripsi No: 21012136/SIP/2016;15012136/SIP/2016: Penerapan Sistem Ekodrainase pada Perumahan X di Mojokerto dan Estimasi Biayanya), Petra Christian University, Surabaya.

  18. Worm, J. & Hattum, (2006), Rainwater Harvesting for Domestic Use, Agromisa Foundation and CTA, Wageningen.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.9744/ced.21.1.29-35



CED is published by The Institute of Research & Community Outreach - Petra Christian University, Surabaya, Indonesia

©All right reserved 2016.Civil Engineering Dimension, ISSN: 1410-9530, e-ISSN: 1979-570X

View My Stats